Tribes and MGNREG programme.
Tribal people throughout the country are backward in all sense. They have poor socio-economic status and living standard. These tribal’s are also sub divided on the basis of their caste. All the categories of the tribal’s live in the rural areas and majority of them are depending on agriculture and earning from the forest. Wayanad district of Kerala has 37% of tribal population. The Paniya tribe contributes 47% of tribal population of the district.The Paniya community is largest tribal community of the Wayanad district and they have all the characteristics of an underprivileged vulnerable community as they were treated as slaves for several years. Presently, the paniya community is employed in the rural parts of the district with irregular agricultural works.
It needs more and more policy changes and programmes to develop the vulnerability of different tribes especially the most vulnerable Paniyas. As part of poverty eradication programme Government of India has introduced the MGNREG programme to provide minimum employment to rural people to wipe out their poverty. The programme aims at providing minimum employment for rural people to increase their standard of living and purchasing power. This programme has made wonders in many parts of the country by the massive participation of rural poor.
The programme is running throughout the state with mass participation from the rural people especially from the part of women. The programme also has made its echoes among the scheduled tribes of the state as it is supporting the livelihood of these people. There is effective participation from the scheduled tribes and others in to the programme in the district. So that the present study is attempting to analyse whether any impact is there in the economic life of the Paniya tribe after the implementation of the MGNREG programme in the Wayanad district is important thing.