ECONOMIC IMPACT OF MAHATHMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEES PROGRAMME ON PANIYA TRIBE OF WAYANAD DISTRICT
MAHATHMA GHANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEME
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was enacted on 5th September ,2005 and came into force on 2nd February 2006. On 31st December 2009, the act was renamed by an amendment as the Mahatma Ghandhi National Rural Employment guarantee Act 2005. It is now commonly referred to as Mahatma Ghandi NREGA. MGNREGA is considered as “Silver Bullet” for eradicating rural poverty and unemployment by way of generating demand for productive labour force in villages .The act made supplementary livelihood in rural areas through unskilled manual work a legal right. Any rural household seeking unskilled manual work could register its family in the Grampanchayath and obtain a job card. When the possession of a job card, a registered rural household could apply for work for at least 100 days in the Grampanchayath. The scheme provides a legal guarantee for 100 days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work related to unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage. This act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural people, primarily or semi unskilled work to people living in rural India, whether or not they are below the poverty line. Around one third of the stipulated work force is women.
1) Strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups by providing a safe employment source, when other employment alternatives are scarce or inadequate.
2) To function as a growth agent for sustainable development of an agrarian economy.
3) Empowerment of rural poor through the process of a rights based law.
4) New ways of doing business, as a model of governance reform anchored on the principles of transparency and grass roots democracy.